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Preparing for naturalization

On Behalf of | May 22, 2024 | Naturalization

Naturalization is the process by which U.S. permanent residents become American citizens. It’s a significant step with many benefits, including the right to vote and secure permanent citizenship. If you’re in Ohio and considering naturalization, it’s important to understand how to prepare.

Understand the eligibility requirements

Before you start your naturalization journey, make sure you meet all the eligibility requirements.

  • You must be at least 18 years old and have had permanent resident status (Green Card) for at least five years, or three years if you’re filing as the spouse of a U.S. citizen.
  • You should have lived continuously in the United States for at least five years with a physical presence of at least 30 months out of those five years.
  • You will usually need to be able to read, write, and speak basic English, although there are exceptions based on age and disability.
  • You should have knowledge of U.S. history and government, demonstrate good moral character, and be willing to support the principles of the U.S. Constitution.

Gather necessary documentation

Collecting the necessary documentation is a vital part of the naturalization process. You will need to provide your permanent resident card (Green Card), travel records if you have taken trips outside the United States, tax returns for the last five years, your current marital status and history, details about your current and past employment, and any other relevant documents that support your application.

Prepare for the citizenship test and interview

The citizenship test is a critical component of the naturalization process. Study for the civics test, which covers important U.S. history and government topics. Practice English reading and writing for the language portion of the test. Attend citizenship classes if available in your community and consider using online resources and practice tests to strengthen your knowledge.

Prepare and seek help if needed

Preparing for naturalization involves careful planning and attention to detail. Follow each step diligently and don’t hesitate to seek help if you need it. Consider consulting with an immigration attorney if you have questions about the process.