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Understanding the U visa process

On Behalf of | Jun 12, 2023 | U visas / T visas

The U visa is a valuable immigration option for individuals who have been victims of certain crimes and have cooperated with law enforcement. It provides a pathway for victims to obtain temporary legal status in the United States and later pursue a green card.

Here is how the U visa process works.


To be eligible for a U visa, an individual must meet specific criteria. They must have suffered substantial physical or mental abuse as a result of being a victim of qualifying criminal activity, and they must possess credible and reliable information about the crime. Additionally, they must have been helpful, continue to be helpful in an ongoing investigation or prosecution, or are likely to be helpful in the investigation or prosecution of the crime. Finally, they must demonstrate that the crime occurred in the United States or violated U.S. laws.


One crucial step in the U visa process is obtaining a certification from a qualified law enforcement agency. This certification verifies that the individual was a victim of a qualifying crime and has been cooperative with the investigation or prosecution. Once the individual obtains the signed certification. They can file a U visa petition (Form I-918) with U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. This petition should include supporting documents, such as a detailed victim’s statement and evidence of physical or mental harm suffered as a result of the qualifying criminal activity.


If approved, a U visa provides several benefits. The recipient receives temporary legal status in the United States, allowing them to live and work legally for a period of up to four years. Additionally, immediate family members may be eligible for derivative U visas. After holding U visa status for three years, individuals are eligible to apply for a green card.


There is an annual cap of 10,000 U visas, which can result in a U visa backlog and longer waiting times for processing.

The U visa offers a valuable opportunity for certain victims of crimes to obtain legal status in the United States.